9 Ways to Prevent, Repair, Treat and Fix Damaged Hair

Our hair tells the story we want…

With so many tools and products on the market, the choice of styles and colours for our hair are endless! One day it’s sleek and smooth straight hair, the next it’s glossy, bouncy curls. This month you’re a brilliant brunette and the next, you’re living in a blonde balayage dream

Having all of these options for our hair can be amazing, especially when it provides a way to express ourselves within our looks. However, we definitely need to be cautious that we are not damaging our hair by over-styling, over-colouring or just plain and simple, overdoing it! If you’re suffering from split ends, tangles, brittle or broken pieces then it’s time to sort it out! Check out Zappzi’s top 10 tips to repairing and preventing damaged hair below.

Early detection

Spotting the signs of damaged hair early, means drastic measures don’t need to be taken, to get back on the road to healthy hair. There are many techniques and treatments for damaged hair on the market, as well as gentle shampoos, conditioners and styling products to help give those worn-out tresses a new lease of life. By taking note of our top tips below, you can bring your hair back to good health in no time.


We hate to be the bearers of bad news, but the old saying “100 strokes and your hair will become shiny and full” is a myth! Brushing too much and too often, means your hair is putting up with more friction than it can take, causing your brush to snag.

A great tip to prevent hair breakage when brushing, is to start brushing from the bottom and gradually work your way up. This allows for less tangles to form and means you won’t rip your hair out, literally! (Ouch).

Shampooing properly

Having hair that’s too clean is actually a thing! Whilst we all love the feeling of freshly washed hair, it can be doing more harm than good. The purpose of washing your hair is to cleanse your scalp and remove excess oils and dirt. If you are washing too often, your shampoo begins to strip away the natural oils that protect and nourish your hair cuticles, leading to dry hair.

To prevent dry hair, we recommend to figure out a washing routine that works for you (depending on the length, thickness, and how you style your hair), but try to avoid washing it daily. Dry shampoo is your best friend for those days in between!

Finally, wash your hair with lukewarm or cool water, and finish the shampoo process with a shot of cool water. Cool or cold water can help damaged hair by closing the hair cuticle and causing the hair shaft to lie flat, resulting in shinier, smoother hair.

Heat styling

Hairdryers, curlers and straighteners are the magic wands to life. They transform our usual, dull hair into luscious straight locks, voluminous waves and brilliant blow-dries – but with all that heat, comes heat damage.

Whenever possible, air dry your hair and don’t use heat. If you need to use heat styling, ensure your tools are on a lower heat setting. If you have fine, thin hair, make sure you use the lowest temperature and if you have fairly thick or coarse hair, you can get away with a mid-range temperature. It’s an absolute must that you use a heat protective spray and ensure your hair is 100% dry, no matter what hair type you have!

Here’s a top tip from our Zappzi stylists: instead of blow-drying soaking wet hair, wait until your hair is around 80% dry, then hit it with the heat. That way you’ll minimize the amount of time you’re applying heat, and you’ll still get the perfect blow-dry.

A good trim

There’s nothing more heart-breaking than having to shear your hair off, because it’s become too dry and brittle – don’t worry we’ve all been there. The key to stopping your hair from becoming a dull, broken and frizzy mess? A regular cut! Our professionals would typically recommend a trim every 6 weeks to simply “dust off” the ends, to keep your hair healthy, strong and un-frayed. If you have long hair and the thought of a trim is unbearable, then trust us when we say that you will lose more length by not getting regular cuts!

If your hair has a straw-like texture and good hair days are a thing of the past, then you must get a trim before you set to work on restoring your hair. Sometimes, a trim is enough to rid the damage and revive your hair, meaning a super-short cut is not always the answer! Sometimes a healthy trim, with some layers and aftercare can be all you need. However, if you are bold enough to chop it all off, a short bob or cute pixie can undo all the damage in one clean sweep.

Sun, chlorine and salt water exposure

Fun in the sun is something we all love and there’s nothing better than relaxing by the pool on a summer holiday. Did you know, that just like our skin, we have to protect our hair from the sun too? Apply sun screen on your scalp to prevent burning and peeling, and apply a hair mask before going out. Signs of sun damage can include dry hair with brittle or broken ends, faded hair colour, frizz and weakened or thinning hair.

Chlorine, salt water and other pool chemicals can lead to brittle and fragile hair, not to mention the effects it has on your colour! Tie your hair in a bun to keep it out the water, or be sure to cleanse your hair with a gentle shampoo, as chlorine can build up over time. Don’t forget to give it a nice, hydrating treatment too, to help keep the damage at bay and stay in great condition.

Deep conditioning

Deep conditioners, hair masks and leave-in treatments are like bodyguards for your hair. By participating in a weekly deep conditioning treatment or hair mask, damaged hair will slowly start to restore itself and prevent any future breakage, due to the reparative and moisturising ingredients such as vitamins, oils and naturally-sourced elements. For best results, apply to damp hair and comb through for even distribution.

Sometimes a DIY treatment just simply isn’t enough for extremely damaged hair, that’s when you might need to bring in the professionals. Professional hair treatments by our Zappzi stylists will target any type of hair damage, and you’ll notice a difference straight away!

Handling wet hair

Did you know your hair is actually at its most vulnerable when it’s wet? Towel drying and brushing your hair wet can really accelerate any potential damage, for all hair types – so handle with care!

We strongly recommend to never use a brush on your wet hair. Instead, opt for a wide-tooth comb that will help detangle your tresses. Also, when you step out of the shower, gently pat down your hair with a softer material such as a fluffy towel, cloth or t-shirt. Vigorously rubbing your wet with a standard towel cause friction that stresses your hair, leading to breakage.

Tight hairstyles

We all know ponytails, buns, braids and other up-dos are a creative, cute and practical way to style our hair – especially for the busy people of the world! However, these tight types of hairstyles are another thing that can cause more harm than good. This is because when we have our hair in an up-do style, our tresses are being tugged on constantly, including the nerves in our scalp and around the face, which can often cause headaches, migraines, back and neck ache and in extreme cases, cause tension or traction alopecia.

Our Zappzi stylists recommend to avoid having your hair up all the time. Let it down when you go to sleep, or just embrace the natural you! Only tie your hair up if you have to, for example, if the weather is hot or you’re participating in sports. Your hair will thank you for it – we promise!

It’s not the end of the world if you are guilty of doing these practices, we’ve all been there! The main thing is that you know what’s good and what’s bad for your hair, and you can set to work on changing the way you treat your tresses for the better! It’s never too late to get back on track and developing these habits will set you on the road to recovery. Just remember, that repairing damaged hair comes with time and patience.

Do you have any other tips that we didn’t mention in this blog post? Let us know, we would love to share them on our social media!

If you would like any expert advice with your hair, feel free to contact us and we will put you in touch with one of our Zappzi stylists! Or, you can simply book your treatment now.